The Greater Moncton Homelessness Steering Committee follows the Canadian Observatory Definition of Homelessness:
"Homelessness describes the situation of an individual or family without stable, permanent, appropriate housing, or the immediate prospect, means and ability of acquiring it (...) Homelessness describes a range of housing and shelter circumstances, with people being without any shelter at one end, and being insecurely housed at the other." It includes those who are 1) Unsheltered, 2) Emergency Sheltered, 3) Provisionally Accommodated, and 4) At Risk of Homelessness.
The full definition can be viewed here:
Chronic and Episodic Homelessness
The Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS), Canada’s funder to local communities for homelessness, defines chronic and episodic homelessness as:
- Chronically homeless refers to individuals, often with disabling conditions (e.g. chronic physical or mental illness, substance abuse problems), who are currently homeless and have been homeless for six months or more in the past year (i.e., have spent more than 180 cumulative nights in a shelter or place not fit for human habitation).
- Episodically homeless refers to individuals, often with disabling conditions, who are currently homeless and have experienced three or more episodes of homelessness in the past year (of note, episodes are defined as periods when a person would be in a shelter or place not fit for human habitation, and after at least 30 days, would be back in the shelter or inhabitable location)